Between the years 1792 and 1827 when Beethoven lived in Vienna, he is known to have had around 70 different lodgings. Of these only a few are the original buildings (such as the Pasqualati house on the Molkerbastei) so many of the photos here are new buildings on the original site. Please click on camera icon for photos – many thanks to Andrea Hubrich for providing these.
1770 515 Bonngasse (now No.20)
1774 7/8 Dreieckplatz
1776 934 Rheingasse (Fischerhaus)
1776 992 Neugasse
1777 934 Rheingasse
1782 934 Rheingasse
1786 934 Rheingasse
Vienna 1792 – 1827
1792 (Nov -Dec/Jan) 45 Alstergasse, Alsergrund (now 30 Alserstrasse ) attic flat
1792/3 45 Alstergasse Ground floor flat
1794 45 Alstergasse 1st floor flat
1795 (May) 35 Kreuzgasse, Ogylisches Haus (1st floor) (Now 6 Löwelstrasse)
1796-1799 (May) Address unknown
1799 650 St.Petersplatz (3rd floor) (now 11 Petersplatz)
1800/1 3rd floor, Greinersches Haus 241 Tiefer Graben (now no.10)
1801/2 (Apr) Hambergsches Haus, 1275 Wasserkuntsbastei, (now 15 Seilerstätte)
1802 (Oct) -1803 (Apr) 649 Petersplatz (now 11) (2nd floor)
1803 (Apr)-1804 Theater an der Wien, 26 An der Wien, Laimgrube (now 6 Linke Wienzeile) (with brother – Caspar)
1804 (May/June) Rothes Haus, 173 Alservorstädter glacis, Alsergrund
1804-8 1239 Mölkerbastei (now no.8) (4th floor) (Home of Baron Pasqualati) – (Beethoven lived here intermittently during this period)
1804-5 Theater an Der Wien
1808/9 (Oct) 1074 Krugerstrasse (1st floor) (Home of Countess Erdödy)
1809 (-July) 1087 Walfischgasse (2nd floor)
1809 (Aug) 82 Klepperstall, Teinfaltstrasse (3rd floor) (now on site of 1 Schreyvogelgasse)
1810-14 1239 Mölkerbastei (intermittently)
1814 (Feb-June) 94 (now no.10) Mölkerbastei, Bartensteinischeshaus (1st floor)
1815-17(Apr) Lambertischeshaus, 1055/6 Auf der Seilerstadt (3rd floor) (now 21 Seilerstätte)
1817 (Apr 24 -Oct) 268 Landstrasse (2nd floor) (now 26 Landstrasser Haupstrasse)
1818-1819 (May) 26 Gärtnergasse, Landstrasse – “Zum Gruen Baum” (1st floor)
1819(Oct)-1820 (May) 6 Schwibbogengasse, Josefstadt Glacis (now 3 Auerspergstrasse)
1819/20 (Nov-Feb?) 986 Ballgasse “Zum Alten Blumenstock” (now no.6)
1820 (Feb-May) Josephstadt Glacis “Zur Goldenen Birne”
1820 (Oct) 8 kaiserstrasse, AltLerchenfeld (now Josefstädterstrasse 57) (briefly)
1820 (Oct) 244 Landstrasse (now 60 Haupstrasse)
1822 (Nov-May) 1st floor 60 Obere Pfarrgasse (now 22 Laimgrubengasse)
1822/3 (Oct23-Jul25) 60 Kothgasse (14 Gumpendorferstrasse today)
1823/4 323 Landstrasse – 3rd floor (now 5 Ungergasse) (Corner of Beatrixgasse)
1824/5 (Nov – April)) 969 Johannesgasse (no longer exists) (corner of no.1 and Kärtnerstrasse)
1824/5 (Dec-Jan?) 1009 Krugerstrasse (2nd floor) (now No.13)
1825-7 (Oct 15-Sat 26 Mar) Scharwzspanierhaus (2nd floor)(site of 15 Scharwzspanierstrasse
SUMMER HOMES / VISITS / TOURS
1783 (Oct/Nov) Rotterdam
1787 (Apr) Vienna
1796 (Feb – July) Leipzig, Dresden, Prague, Berlin
1800 (Apr-Jun) Pest / Martonvasar
1802 (apr-Oct) Heiligenstadt 13 Herrengasse (6 Probusgasse)
1803 Oberdöbling – Hofzeile 15 (No longer exists but at one time considered to be Hofzeile 4 Now Vxlx Doblinger Haupstrasse 92-“Eroicahaus”) / Baden
1804 (Jul-Aug) Oberdöbling – Hofzeile 15 / Baden
1805 (Jun-Sept) Hetzendorf
1806 (early Sept) Grätz Castle – Hradec nad Moravici (Nr.Troppau [now Opava])
1807 (Jun-Aug10) Baden (“Johanishof”) / (10-16 Sept) Eisenstadt / (Sept-Oct) Heiligenstadt
1808 Unterdöbling, Heiligenstadt (8 Grinzingerweg – Now 64 Grinzingerstrasse)
1809 Hungary / (Sept) Baden ‘Alter Sauerhof’
1810 (May 8, Aug-Oct) Baden
1811 (Aug-Sept18) Teplitz (“Harfe” Badgasse) / Grätz
1812 (Jun-Nov) Baden ‘Alter Sauerhof’ / Prague (July 2nd-4th) – Teplitz (July 5th-27th) – Karlsbad / (Aug9th-sept 7th?)- Karlsbad (sept 7th) – Teplitz (Sept 16th) Frazensbrunn (2 Golden lions)- Vienna – Linz (oct/Nov)
1813 (May27-Sept) Baden (“Alter Sauerhof Inn”)
1814 (Sept) Baden (Alter Sauerhof Inn)
1815 Baden / (Sept) Unterdöbling 33-4 An der Steige (now 4 Silbergasse) / (Oct) Mödling
1816 (Jul-Oct) Baden (9 Allandegasse; Ossolynskisches Schloss, (now 26 Braitnerstrasse)
1817 (May-Oct) Heiligenstadt 66 Am Platz (now 2 Pfarrplatz) /(Jul-Aug) Nussdorf (Now 26 Kahlenbergerstrasse)
1818 (May19-Sept) Mödling (Hafnerhaus, 79 Haupstrasse)
1819 (May12-Oct) Mödling (Hafnerhaus, 79 Haupstrasse)
1820 (May1-Oct) Mödling (116 Badenbergerstrasse,”Christhof”) (Now 6 Aschenaugasse)
1821 (Jun) Unterdöbling 11 An der Winterzeil (now 9 Silbergasse)/ (Sep 7-Lt.Oct) Baden 94 Rathausgasse (now no.10)
1822 (May-Sept1) Oberdöbling (135 Alleegasse – now 13 Pyrkegasse) / (Sept-Oct) Baden (Magdalenahof, 85 Frauengasse – now no.10) / (Oct11-22) Baden (“Zum Goldenen Schwan”)
1823 (May-oct) Hetzendorf (“Villa Pronay”) (Now 75a Hetzendorferstrasse) /(Aug13-Oct25) Baden, 94 Rathausgasse
1824 (May-Nov) Penzing (Now 62 Hadikgasse) / (Aug1-Nov) Baden (“Schloss-Gutenbrunn” – now Gutenbrunn Sanatorium, Peregrinstrasse)
1825 (May7-Oct14) Baden ( “Schloss-Gutenbrunn” )
1826 (Sept29-Dec1) Gneixendorf (Wasserhof)
(26Mar)-“Musical Academy”.Sternengasse,Cologne: First public appearance
(29Mar)-Burgtheater,Vienna: First performance of Piano Concerto in Bb,Op.19(Beethoven soloist)
(30Mar)-Burgtheater: Beethoven improvises
(31Mar)-Burgtheater: Beethoven soloist in a Mozart Piano concerto
(22Nov)-Redoutensaal: Music for ball-12 Minuets & dances(W.7)
(16Dec)-Redoutensaal: Beethoven soloist in Piano Concerto No.2 Op.19.Haydn Symphony also performed
(8Jan)-Benefit concert with Haydn for Maria Bollo
(19Feb-Sep?)-Concert tour: Prague,Dresden,Leipzig,Berlin,Pressburg.
Schwarzenburg palace: Septet Op.20.
Prague: Beethoven soloist in Bb Piano concerto
(2Apr)-Hofburg: Symphony no.1,Septet Op.20,& Bb piano concerto performed
(Apr)-Sonata for Horn Op.17
(May 7th)-Castle Theatre (Varszinhaz) Budapest
(28Mar)-Burgtheater: “Creatures of Prometheus”
(5Apr)-Theater an der Wien: “Christ on the mount of olives”,1st & 2nd Symphonies,Piano Concerto no.3
(June 9th) First known private rehearsal/performance of “Eroica” Symphony (Lobkowitz palace Vienna)
(Dec) Private performance of “Eroica” Symphony
(7Apr)-Theater an der wien: “Eroica” Symphony – first public performance
(20-22Nov)-Theater an der wien: “Fidelio”
(29Mar)-Theater an der wien: “Fidelio”
(10Apr)-Theater an der wien: “Fidelio”
(23Dec)-Theater an der wien: Violin concerto Op.61
(13Sep)-Eisenstadt,Esterhazy palace: Mass in C
(5Mar>-Lobkowitz: First four Symphonies,Piano concerto No.4,”Coriolan” overture
(2Nov)-Mehlgrube hall,University hall -“Liebhaber concerts”: “Creatures of Prometheus”,Symphony No.2
(Dec)-“Eroica” Symphony.”Coriolan” overture
(11Apr)-Theater an der wien: “Eroica” Symphony
(13Apr)-Burgtheater: Symphony No.4,”Coriolan” overture,Piano concerto No.3?
(Apr/May)-Augertensaal: Triple concerto Op.56
(15Nov)-Theater an der wien
(22Dec,Thurs.6.30p.m)-Theater an der wien: Symphonies Nos.5&6,parts of Mass in C,Piano concerto No.4,Choral fantasia,Aria-“Ah Perfido”
(15Jun)-Burgtheater: “Egmont”&Incidental music
(9Feb)-Budapest: “Ruins of Athens”,”King Stephen”
(11Feb)-Vienna-Piano concerto No.5 (Czerny soloist)
(6Aug)-Karlsbad: Charity in aid of Baden(Beethoven soloist)
(29Dec)-Vienna,Lobkowitz: Violin sonata Op.96
(2Jan)Vienna,Lobkowitz: Violin sonata Op.96
(8Dec)-University hall: Symphony No.7,”Wellington’s victory”
(12Dec)-University hall: Symphony No.7,”Wellington’s victory”
(2Jan)-G.Redoutensaal: Symphony No.7,”Wellington’s victory”
(27Feb)-G.Redoutensaal: Symphony No.7,”Wellington’s victory”,Symphony No.8
(25Mar)-Karnterthor: “Battle” Symphony,”Egmont”
(apr/May/Jun)-Final chorus WoO.94
(23May)-Karntnerthor: “Fidelio” (revised)
(29Nov)-Redoutensaal: Symphony No.7,Cantata Op.136,”Battle” symphony
(2Dec)-Redoutensaal: Symphony No.7,Cantata Op.136,”Battle” symphony
(25Dec)-Redoutensaal: Symphony No.7,Cantata Op.136,”Battle” symphony
(11Feb)-Count Deym’s palace: Farewell concert by Schuppanzigh
(18Feb)-Romischer hotel: Farewell concert by Linke
(7May)-Karntnerthor: Symphony No.9,”Consecration of the house”Overture,3 items from “Missa Solemnis”
(23May)-Redoutensaal: Symphony No.9,Kyrie from Mass,Vocal trio Op.116
(6Mar) -Schuppanzigh Quartet: Quartet Op.127
(23Mar)-Bohm Quartet: Quartet Op.127
(21Mar)-Schuppanzigh Quartet: Quartet Op.130
The use of mineral waters for treatment of various ailments goes back to ancient times, when the Romans developed places for taking a cure around existing mineral springs. In the Middle Ages kings and princes rediscovered the benefit of drinking waters with therapeutic properties to cure various ailments. In the 18th and 19th centuries the aristocracy developed resorts around the sources of these waters at which they gathered to relax and meet each other. Some of the oldest spas in continuous existence are located in Central Europe, in present day Austria, Czech Republic and Hungary.
TEPLICE – (Teplitz) Czech Republic
The district town of Teplice, which today is home to more than 53,000 people, is an historic spa town in the Podkrusnohori (“Under the Ore Mountains”) Region. Teplice is the oldest spa in Bohemia.
The most valuable possession of the city is its thermal Pravridlo (“Old Spring”) spring, with a temperature of 42 degree Celsius . The beneficial effects of the water, which contains radon, have been used in treatments for more than eight centuries. Pravridlo has been endangered several times and even stopped gushing once, after the 1755 Lisbon earthquake.
The Teplice spa experienced its greatest boom during the first half of the nineteenth century, when it was sometimes called the “social salon of Europe”. The beautiful Classical and Empire style spa buildings helped to attract the likes of Goethe, Beethoven, Paganini, Jungmann, Palacky, and Neruda.
Every year, a varied cultural program is prepared for the spa’s guests and for tourists. A highlight is the annual festival celebrating Ludwig van Beethoven that takes place in September and October.
Among the historical monuments of interest to tourists are: the chateau church (built in the sixteenth century in the pseudo-Gothic style and reconstructed between 1798-1806), the Church of St. John the Baptist (built in the Baroque style between 1700-1703, with interior tombs dating from between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries), and the Teplice Chateau (constructed on the ruins of a Benedictine Order monastery which had a three-naved Roman basilica). Construction of the chateau began between 1585-1634 and it was subsequently reconstructed several times during the 18th and 19th centuries. Today the castle houses the regional museum that has environmental and spa collections, a history of Teplice, and the Ludwig van Beethoven Commemorative Hall.
KARLSBAD – (Karlovy Vary) Czech Republic
Karlovy Vary, better known by its German name, Karlsbad, is the most famous Bohemian spa. Situated on the Tepla river, it was named after the Bohemian king and German and Holy Roman emperor Charles (Karl) IV who allegedly found the springs in 1358 during a hunting expedition. In the 19th century, royalty came here from all over Europe for treatment. Among the famous who visited Karlsbad are Goethe, Schiller, Beethoven, Chopin, and Karl Marx. More than 60 hot springs have been found here and 12 are used in spa treatment. The springs, which vary in temperature from 34 to 73 degrees C, are used in drinking cures and for baths.
FRANZENSBAD – (Františkovy L?ne) Czech Republic
Franzensbad has its origin near the former free city of Eger, called Cheb today. The medicinal springs were already known since the 15th century. At that time the citizens of Eger – usually the women – took the medicinal water from the Eger fountain and brought it in earthenware jars to the town, where the spa guests lived. In 1791 the Dr. Bernard Vinzenz Adler had a fountain built around the medicinal springs, thus limiting the free taking out of the water. Since the “fountain women” saw their right infringed to scoop the water, they destroyed the fountain. Only when Dr. Adler complained to Emperor Leopold II who was in Prague at that time and the Emperor intervened in this affair, the municipal authorities decided to found a health resort. All plots of land were raffled, and many inhabitants started to develop the area. It was at that time “Franzensdorf” experienced its first season as a spa. In 1807 it was named “Kaiser Franzensbad” after Emperor Franz I from Austria.
BADEN – Austria
Only 26 kilometres south of Vienna, Baden offers a rich variety of baths and springs, parks and coffeehouses. It was the favourite summer residence of Beethoven, and he stayed there many times over the years. Mozart had also frequented the spa. The origin of Baden lies in the healing powers of the sulphur springs. The Romans experienced and enjoyed the waters, calling the place “Aquae”. Its thermal water, which emerges from the springs at a temperature of 36?C, is rich in valuable minerals.
Every day, about 4 million litres of superior thermal sulphur water are used in Baden. After the devastating fire of 1812, Baden was rebuilt in the Biedermeier style.
Vienna’s history spans a period of over 2000 years. The ancient town of Vindobona (the name is of celtic origin) was one of many fortified outposts guarding the frontiers of the Roman empire. After the Romans, the city was conquered by people from Asia. Under Charlemagne Vienna became the capital of the ‘Ostmark’, and in 1276 it became an Imperial city under the reign of the Habsburgs. From this time onwards, the policy was of annexing the surrounding nations into the empire. Geographically, Vienna was well placed for a meeting place between east and west and this fusion of German, Latin, Slav and eastern cultures has left its mark on the city. Vienna suffered two invasions by the Turks (1529 and 1683), but although they penetrated as far as the city walls, they did not succeed in conquering the city itself. From then on until the end of the 18th century, the Baroque flourished in Vienna and is reflected in the astounding wealth of aristocratic palaces, elegant middle class town houses, churches and chapels, monuments and fountains that adorn the city.
Thanks to a genuine interest and enthusiasm for all culture, the arts flourished -especially music, with many of the world’s greatest composers living in Vienna -Haydn, Mozart, Schubert, Beethoven, Brahms, & Mahler being just some of the many illustrious names to the city’s credit. In the 19th century the waltz became the rage with the Strauss family captivating Europe. Vienna boasts an ancient university and has actively contributed to science, technology and medicine; Freud laid the foundations of modern psychology and many important discoveries took place here. Between 1858 and 1865, the old bastions were demolished to make way for a broad avenue encircling the centre, known as the Ring, along which important and monumental buildings of great splendour were erected together with beautiful parks, luxuriant gardens and promenades. Today Vienna is a modern metropolis with a cosmopolitan character, an international centre of music and the arts – a meeting place of creative spirits.
In 1824, there were 289,598 people living in Vienna, 49,550 of them within the city walls. As the imperial capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, there were many different nationalities found in the city – Hungarians, Poles, Serbs, Croats, Greeks, Turks. The Viennese were thought of as good-natured, honest and hospitable with a marked propensity for good living – principally good eating and drinking. However, the regime under the Emperor Francis l was quite strict, with an authoritarian secret police. Restaurants and cafes could stay open until midnight, but no later. Only during ‘Fasching‘ – Carnival time, when the great balls were held was an exception made.
There were no brothels, but there were allegedly 20,000 women living by prostitution in 1827. The lower strata of society were generally very badly off, with many consequences such as a high mortality rate, often caused by epidemics of tuberculosis. The best houses were in the inner city and were inhabited by a prosperous middle class, who set great store by physical comfort. Property rents were determined by the proximity to the city centre. In the 1830’s and 40’s there was a decline in living standards with most working class families paying nearly a third of their income in rent.
The Tavern was the most popular place of escape on Sundays and holidays. The better off favoured walks and excursions in the countryside around the city. It was the Emperor Joseph ll who had opened the Augarten and the Prater (spacious parks adjoining the Danube) to the general public. The Prater was hugely popular with the Viennese. There were Restaurants, taverns, puppet theatres, swings, bowling alleys, circus gymnastics, impressive firework displays, coffee houses.
Above all, Vienna was a city of music and dance – with organ grinders on every street corner droning out melodies from the music hall and opera. Many dance halls sprang up and gradually became more extravagant – one of the most famous being the Apollo room which boasted artificial ponds, grottoes, waterfalls and flying eagles !